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Saturday, August 21, 2004

Constitution of Maldives - Chapter 1: State, Sovereignty and Citizens

1. The Maldives shall be a sovereign, independent, democratic republic based on the principles of Islam, and shall be a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of Maldives. In this Constitution, the Republic of Maldives shall hereinafter be referred to as “the Maldives”.

 

2. The territory of the Maldives shall comprise the land, air space, sea and seabed within the archipelagic baselines of the Maldives drawn in accordance with the law, and shall include the territorial waters, the seabed and air space thereof beyond the said baselines.

 

3. The State of the Maldives shall, in accordance with this Constitution, be the territory of the Maldives, the citizens of the Maldives and the powers of the State as a composite whole.

 

4—       (1) The powers of the State of the Maldives shall be vested in the citizens. The said powers, for purposes of governing the State, shall comprise the following:

(a)    the Executive;

(b)    the Legislature; and

(c)     the Administration of Justice.

 

(2) In accordance with this Constitution the executive power shall be vested in the President and the Cabinet of Ministers, the legislative power shall be vested in the People’s Majlis and the People’s Special Majlis and the power of administering justice shall be vested in the President and the courts of the Maldives.

 

5. Persons mentioned herein below shall be citizens of the Maldives:

(a)         every person who is a citizen of the Maldives at the commencement of this constitution;

(b)         every child born to a citizen of the Maldives; and

(c)          every foreigner who, in accordance with the law, becomes a citizen of the Maldives.

 

6. The Government of the Maldives shall be the authorities exercising the powers of the State in accordance with this Constitution.

 

7. The religion of the State of the Maldives shall be Islam.

 

8. The national language of the Maldives shall be Dhivehi.

 

9. The national day of the Maldives shall be the 1st day of the month of Rabeeu al-Awwal.

 

10. The capital of the Maldives shall be the island of Male´.

 

11. The unit of currency of the Maldives shall be Rufiyaa, which shall be divided into one hundred Laari.

 

12.—    (1) Any person who, by the threat or use of force or in violation of the Constitution, abrogates or attempts to abrogate the Constitution or attempts to undermine the Constitution or conspires to commit any of the said acts shall be guilty of high treason.

 

(2) Any person who aids and abets or is an accomplice in the commission of any act mentioned in clause (1) of this Article or any person who has knowledge of the commission of such act and has failed to report the same shall also be guilty of high treason.

 

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